‘Average’ gets his ire up

first_imgTodd Rose is having a mic-drop moment.Again.Rose’s first book, “Square Peg,” positioned him as a come-up kid, a high school dropout who fought his way to Harvard. Now, everyone from The New York Times to Richard Branson is buzzing about his latest book, “The End of Average,” in which he challenges a century of average-based science, perhaps launching a social movement in the process.“In school, you’re graded and ranked by comparing your performance to the average student,” he writes. The same goes for applying for jobs.This kind of thinking is not only wrong, it’s done a disservice to our society, Rose asserts, because there is no average student, no average person. His goal is to rescue the individual from categories and labels. Type A. Right-brained. Normal or abnormal. Leader or follower. Jenny is creative while Judy is good at math — and in the land of averages, there is no in-between.Rose, who directs the Mind, Brain, and Education program at the Harvard Graduate School of Education (where he also leads the Laboratory for the Science of the Individual), got started on the book by investigating how the system of averages was woven into society, which led him to the 19th-century Belgian astronomer Adolphe Quetelet.It was the well-intentioned Quetelet who began applying statistical principles to people, observing weight, marriage age, death age, and other variables, and then averaging them. Quetelet drew up a composite of what he dubbed the “Average Man,” or “the prototypical representation of a group,” said Rose. An ideal person, exceptional at nothing, except at being average.“But ‘average person’ is made up,” said Rose.Enter the expansion of America, the Industrial Revolution, and a greater emphasis on efficiency. Management roles were created to monitor standards of assembly-line production, and schools soon followed suit, elevating the idea of an average student, free of particular interests or abilities.When Rose arrived at Harvard as a doctoral student, he imagined settling into a career as a scientist. But through his work with Charles Bigelow Research Professor of Education Kurt Fischer, one of the pioneers of the science of the individual, Rose saw “the cost to us individually and as a society of not having a system that really understands and develops people.”In the absence of such a system, the average holds sway.“I looked into how we got the times to take these standardized tests, and more often than not it’s how long it takes the average person to take the test,” said Rose. “That’s based on the assumption that fast equals smart. But in this new science, we know there’s no relationship between speed and ability.”While his research can be a little heady, Rose wrote “The End of Average” with the general reader in mind.“In a democracy and in a market-based economy, public demand wins,” he said. “To think we’re going to completely change education without changing the public mindset, it isn’t going to happen. So I wrote the book to start the conversation.”Branson, founder of the Virgin Group, has showed interest, and companies like Google, Microsoft, and Pixar have, too. If Virgin America wants top-tier talent, there’s more than “the averagarian notion that you can effectively evaluate individuals by ranking them,” writes Rose. By shifting the focus to the individual and not merely the best-ranked applicant, hiring practices could be revolutionized.“We want to get hired for who we are, and not jump through these hoops that make us somebody we are not,” said Rose. “We want medicine to be personalized. It’s a positive goal, but if you want more personalized institutions, averages won’t do — you need a principled way to think about individuality.”The same applies for education — Rose’s sweet spot.“I care a lot about people finding their own path, and I think the world’s a better place if we let people figure out their passions and what they’re good at and give them the knowledge and skills to do that, but our education system isn’t designed to do that — it rounds you out and makes you interchangeable with everyone else.”Rose advocates for granting credentials, not diplomas; for replacing grades with competency scores; and for a flexible (and flexibly paced) curriculum. Having two sons in college — both at Worcester Polytechnic Institute — has made his search for solutions more personal.“The thing that was really concerning to me, particularly as it comes to higher education, was watching my two boys prepare for college. I was telling them to take risks and that it’s OK to fail. But the reality is, they couldn’t take a class in French literature and not do well because then it would hurt their chances to get into school later.”last_img read more

‘HERE we are thankful’ letter gains traction

first_imgThe announcement that the University would be transitioning to two weeks of online learning was met with mixed reactions; some claimed students should have never come in the first place, some suggested students should be allowed to continue instruction virtually if they wished and some wanted to continue to do whatever they could to remain on campus.Notre Dame seniors and roommates Emily Meara and Madison Kuehl decided to write a letter expressing gratitude to the administration for all of its efforts to make campus a safe place for students to live — and it has received 3,090 co-signatures.“That must’ve been a really difficult decision and not one that anyone wanted to necessarily make. Even in light of having to go virtual, there were so many amazing resources that they did provide for us,” Meara said. “[The letter is] a call to action that, at least during these two weeks, let’s work together, let’s try to commit to following the rules and see if we can continue to stay here and learn and live together as a Notre Dame community.”Daniel Philpott, a political science professor, said in-person instruction has far greater value than the Zoom-based learning the University is currently mandating.“It’s much better than online Zoom instruction. Being together in person, inquiring together, learning together, speaking together, having that personal presence is absolutely invaluable for learning,” Philpott said. “It’s a blessing that we have [Zoom], but teaching in person is infinitely better. It is at the very heart of our purpose as a university.”Kuehl said one of the goals in writing the letter was a call to action; she and Meara said they hoped to promote solidarity and commitment to protecting the community at large.“Notre Dame has obviously been in the news a lot recently. The administration has been seeing a wide variety of responses and criticisms and support, just all across the spectrum there, so we just really wanted them to know that we’re appreciative of what they have done because I think promoting positivity during this time can’t hurt anything,” Kuehl said.Philpott said although the letter is by no means a scientific poll of the opinions of the student body and doesn’t explicitly say the students want to stay in person, the gratitude expressed takes a stance against the negativity of other feedback.“The impression was that there was a kind of harsh anger and despair among the students, but I think what this petition shows is that, in fact, there are many students, maybe even a silent majority, who are much in favor of staying and going back to teaching in person,” Philpott said. “Now, you know if you read the petition closely, it doesn’t actually say, ‘We want to stay in person,’ but by expressing gratitude to the administration and encouragement, I think it’s trying very deliberately to take a different stance than the one that expressed all the anger.”Meara said she believes commitment and selflessness will be essential in the coming weeks.“We recognized that as a community if we work together and put the needs of the Notre Dame community at large above our own, that we could get through this,” Meara said. “That would involve committing to following the regulations and guidelines set forth by [University President] Fr. [John] Jenkins and the administration, whether that be wearing a mask at all times or staying 6 ft. apart.”Most of the cases from the recent spike, Philpott said, came from students not following guidelines laid out in the HERE campaign rather than in the classrooms themselves.“Almost no cases have been arising from the classroom or the dining hall or professors’ offices or the locker room. The fact is that the HERE campaign was largely successful,” Philpott said. “What the University tried to do and the way they tried to protect the students largely succeeded. It just was because some very small number of students were not following it. That’s where the problem arose.”Meara said she and Kuehl have already delivered the letter to Provost Marie Lynn Miranda and hope to do the same for Jenkins later this week.“Because this is such an unprecedented time, there’s no one plan to get through this or one timeline that’s going to be perfect,” Meara said. “Recognizing that they have our best interests and safety in mind and taking them for that and for the commitment and work that they did over the summer and in the past many months, we recognize that regardless of whether we stay or stay at home that [their effort] is something that we understand and we’re unwilling to let go unnoticed.”Tags: COVID-19, Here, in-person classes, Letter, University President Fr. John Jenkins, zoomlast_img read more

Chautauqua Lake Watershed Management Alliance Names New Director

first_imgSubmitted imageCHAUTAUQUA LAKE — The Chautauqua Lake and Watershed Management Alliance has named Randall Perry as its new Executive Director.Effective Nov. 1, Perry will succeed Vince Horrigan, who has served as the organization’s Interim Executive Director since September 2019.Perry has worked for the Alliance since 2016 as its Project Manager, working on a variety of lake and watershed projects in partnership with Alliance Members from project development through funding and completion.Prior to joining the Alliance, he served as an Adjunct Instructor at the State University of New York at Fredonia teaching Geoscience and Environmental Science courses with a focus on water resources, geochemistry, surficial processes, and environmental assessment. Before that, he worked as a geological consultant specializing in environmental and water resource projects. Perry is a native of Maine and earned his B.S. and M.S. in Earth Sciences from the University of Maine with a focus on environmental geochemistry.During his tenure with the Alliance, Horrigan worked closely with the Alliance Board of Directors and staff to evaluate the roles the Alliance serves, assess capacity and focus areas, and plan for the future, including identifying a new permanent Executive Director.At the same time, Horrigan and his staff continued to manage and administer the Alliance’s existing programs and projects – including securing over $600,000 in lake and watershed project funding for its Members in 2020. Under Horrigan, the Alliance also helped launch several new scientific and technical initiatives aimed at increasing unity of effort and operational efficiency for lake management and continuing to improve the understanding of lake and watershed dynamics and their effects on cyanobacteria and Harmful Algal Blooms on Chautauqua Lake.Perry has worked for the Alliance since 2016 as its Project Manager, working on a variety of lake and watershed projects in partnership with Alliance Members from project development through funding and completion. Prior to joining the Alliance, he served as an Adjunct Instructor at the State University of New York at Fredonia teaching Geoscience and Environmental Science courses with a focus on water resources, geochemistry, surficial processes, and environmental assessment. Before that, he worked as a geological consultant specializing in environmental and water resource projects.Perry is a native of Maine and earned his B.S. and M.S. in Earth Sciences from the University of Maine with a focus on environmental geochemistry.“I want to recognize Vince for the amazing work that he has done and continues to do as the Interim Executive Director. We are all deeply indebted to him for his service,” said Pierre Chagnon, Chairman of the Alliance Board of Directors. “Randall has demonstrated impressive skills coordinating Members, engineers, and contractors in managing many successful Alliance projects. He has also developed solid skills in grant writing, grant administration, and funding management in the various platforms involved. He has been an incredible rock solid foundation for the Alliance through our extended period with an interim executive director.’ Share:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window)last_img read more

“One giant leap” for credit unions

first_imgMy youngest and I were driving from an activity last night and, as he looked skyward, he asked me “How far away is the moon?” Naturally, we asked Siri and learned that it is over 238,000 miles away. That’s a big number, especially for a 6 year old to comprehend! He then asked how long it would take to get there. The answer I reported was that it took the astronauts who went to the moon a long time ago around 3 days to get there in a rocket ship.As the conversation continued, it expanded to missions to Mars, the very smart mathematicians and engineers who design missions and build spacecraft and then… I mentioned that there is video of the men who went to the moon. This resulted in the viewing of said video on our laptop.This morning the boy announced that he was going to become an astronaut and travel to the moon where he would work on the project to send people to Mars.That’s when it hit me.Regardless of the fact that he has seen technology that is far more advanced than what was used in that mission around him every day and in spite of the fact that television and movies often depict space travel in a futuristic manner even you and I can’t truly fathom, his reaction to seeing Neil Armstrong step on the moon was still an extremely impactful moment for him. Undoubtedly, the impression is not as strong as that which was made on the youth of 1969, but it took space travel out of the story books and made it real for him.There are many directions one could take this post from here and even keep the same subject line. Honestly, the deliverable I’ve gained from this isn’t fully fleshed out in my mind yet, but it has given me some freeze-dried nutrient capsules of thought:– Sometimes what made a difference 45 years ago can still make a difference today. Are there core messages or strategies we’ve abandoned or minimized that could ignite passion in youth – fresh eyes see things in a way that we may not have considered in a while.– Everyone is aspirational and the right message at the right time can ignite new thoughts of what the future may hold. That thinking big matters. What is the “One small step” that can translate into “One giant leap” for credit unions?– Let’s not outthink ourselves. My last two points may qualify for the “yeah I’ve heard that before” category, but I believe we also need to do a better job listening for well-timed cues and then acting. If I wanted my son to be an astronaut (which, wouldn’t it be awesome if that happened!) I probably wouldn’t have started by showing him the Apollo 11 footage.– Are we talking to the right people? In the conversation with my son, I was surprised to find that he, a 1st grader, was as informed about “robots” that have landed on the surface of Mars as he is.– This applies to our system as well. As we deal with economic fluctuations, increased regulatory burden, non-traditional competitive pressures and complex technology solutions, the movement has become increasingly introspective, especially in the area of system structure. There has been evolution over time to be certain. But the prevailing modus operandi that has continued to move credit unions forward has been the unity of the system and our unified voice through advocacy.Let’s continue to look skyward, remember the past, be aspirational, think big, but think simple as well, ask questions of new people and, most importantly, Unite for Good. 13SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr,Greg Michlig Greg Michlig joined the New Jersey Credit Union League as President/CEO in May of 2013. He has a strong background in the credit union, association and related financial services … Web: www.njcul.org Detailslast_img read more

NYPD Muslim Spying Lawsuit: Civilian To Scrutinize Terror Probes

first_imgSign up for our COVID-19 newsletter to stay up-to-date on the latest coronavirus news throughout New York The New York City Police Department agreed to increased oversight of counterterrorism investigations as part of a settlement in a lawsuit challenging the department’s mass surveillance of Muslims—including on Long Island—after the Sept. 11, 2001 attacks.The settlement, which was filed in federal court in Brooklyn on Thursday, stipulates that the city appoint an independent civilian representative entrusted to monitor police investigations and report any violations to the police commissioner or federal judge.The city and civil rights attorneys representing three New York Muslims, two mosques and a nonprofit also agreed to a cap on how long investigations can take place, several safeguards to make certain that investigations don’t violate a person’s constitutional rights, anti-discrimination measures, and a requirement that the use of undercover officers and confidential informants be authorized by a high-ranking police official.“There must be an objective, factual basis for initiating” an investigation, the settlement states. “A mere hunch is insufficient.”Civil rights attorneys lauded the agreement for establishing much-needed safeguards to prevent abuse and religious profiling of a disenfranchised population. NYPD officials argued that the settlement wouldn’t hamper anti-terrorism efforts.As part of the settlement, the city admits no wrongdoing.“This settlement is a win for New York Muslims and for all New Yorkers, who have a right to be free from discriminatory police surveillance and to practice their religion without stigma or fear,” Hina Shamsi, director of the American Civil Liberties Union National Security Project, said in a statement.New York City Police Commissioner Bill Bratton said the agreement is the latest step in an effort to build bridges with the Muslim community. The new measures, he said, brings policing practices “closer in line” with FBI protocol.“The proposed settlement does not weaken the NYPD’s ability to fulfill its steadfast commitment to investigate and prevent terrorist activity in New York City,” added Deputy Commissioner of Intelligence and Counterterrorism John Miller.The ACLU, along with several other civil right firms, sued the city after the Associated Press revealed mass surveillance of Muslims in the five boroughs, New Jersey and Nassau and Suffolk counties. The AP’s series on the NYPD’s clandestine targeting of Muslims won the outlet a Pulitzer Prize. The so-called Demographics Unit, which has responsible for monitoring Muslims, created maps of Muslim communities and documented mundane interactions at mosques, businesses and coffee shops—and even an occasion in which belly dancers provided entertainment at a Huntington kebab restaurant. The NYPD disbanded the unit in April 2014. The post-9/11 initiative did not lead to a single terrorism probe, officials have said. Rather, Muslim groups contend, revelations of a vast spying network sowed deep fear in communities and did little to build trust between Muslim Americans and police.The safeguards included in the settlement are intended to ensure terror investigations are warranted, and not sparked solely on the basis of a person’s religion. It also calls for the removal of a controversial report from the NYPD’s website dubbed “Radicalization in the West,” which was published in 2007.Under the agreement, which is pending approval by a federal judge, police have 180 days to conduct an investigation, with the possibility of a 90-day extension. Also, the office of the Chief of Intelligence is responsible for reviewing preliminary investigations every six months “to discuss the status…including what operational steps should be taken.”Among the NYPD’s most controversial tactics was its use of undercover officers and confidential informants to gather information inside mosques and Muslim Student Associations. Under the agreement, those tactics must be authorized by the Deputy Commissioner of Intelligence and any request must be made in writing and include facts to justify such an investigation.While most of the measures call for full cooperation of police brass to effectuate the new stipulations, a public advocate will be included in monthly meetings to scrutinize investigations and ensure the department is acting appropriately. This civilian will be appointed by the mayor, and serve an up-to five-year term.The settlement is an extension of the decades-old Handschu Guidelines, which barred the NYPD from investigating individuals based on political or religious views unless specific information existed connecting purported suspects to a crime or future plot. After 9/11, the NYPD received court approval to modify the guidelines so it could better investigative terrorism. Attorneys involved in the Handschu case argued in this suit that the NYPD’s mass surveillance of Muslims violated the Handschu Guidelines.While the city is not admitting guilt, it has agreed to pay $1.6 million in lawyer fees.With the settlement, two out of three cases challenging the NYPD’s spying of Muslims have come to a close. A case involving New Jersey residents is pending after the US Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit reinstated the lawsuit. A lower court dismissed the suit in October 2014.The controversial surveillance program was implemented under former New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg and his police commissioner Raymond Kelly. The mayoral successor, Bill de Blasio, promised to reform the NYPD. Since taking office the NYPD has disbanded the Demographics Unit, and, in a sign of pursuing a more inclusive New York City, de Blasio added two Muslim holidays to the school calendar. But de Blasio has displayed mixed messages. In court papers de Blasio administration lawyers called on judges overseeing the New Jersey lawsuit to support a lower court’s decision not to assign blame to the NYPD.“All of the harms alleged by plaintiffs occurred, if they occurred, only after the Associated Press made public certain confidential NYPD documents and did so in unredacted form,” the city wrote in its 79-page brief. Thursday’s settlement, however, appears to more in line with de Blasio’s earlier promises to end Bloomberg-era policies directed at Muslim communities. And those representing Muslim communities appeared eager to see the city move away from policies they argued violated basic Constitutional rights. “Our clients brought this lawsuit to enforce two of the Constitution’s most fundamental guarantees: freedom from government discrimination and freedom of religion,” Shamsi of the ACLU said. “The lawsuit was motivated by the concerns of our clients, and those of New York Muslim communities and their allies, about the of the surveillance, which stigmatized Muslims and chilled their speech and religious practice because of fear of attracting unwarranted police scrutiny.”last_img read more

Jam tomorrow for bread-and-butter tenants

first_imgTo access this article REGISTER NOWWould you like print copies, app and digital replica access too? SUBSCRIBE for as little as £5 per week. Would you like to read more?Register for free to finish this article.Sign up now for the following benefits:Four FREE articles of your choice per monthBreaking news, comment and analysis from industry experts as it happensChoose from our portfolio of email newsletterslast_img

WEEKEND LOCKDOWN: No one should leave homes on Sat., Sun.

first_imgUnder Executive Order (EO) No. 063 Series of2020 (The Expanded Enhanced Community Quarantine Guidelines), the newrestrictions will be from 12:01 a.m. to 11:59 p.m. on April 18-19 and April25-26. * essential government personnel (those fromthe Iloilo City COVID-19 Team, Philippine National Police, Armed Forces of thePhilippines, Bureau of Fire Protection, Philippine Coast Guard, Public Safetyand Transportation Management Office, Iloilo City Disaster Risk Reduction andManagement Office, those manning COVID-19 checkpoints) *other such essential personnel recommended bythe COVID-19 Focal Person, and approved by the City Mayor * those who need to go to either the hospitalor pharmacy, provided they have a quarantine pass and wear a facemask EO No. 063 listed the following exemptions: * pharmacies “On Saturdays and Sundays we will no longerallow anyone to go out their houses except to buy medicines,” Treñas said. * Iloilo City Emergency Response Team * healthcare workers (doctors, nurses,hospital staff and personnel, provided they present a valid identificationcard) His goal is to open businesses starting May 1./PN * all Department of  Health personnel (officials and staff) * hospitals, medical clinics * funeral parlors and similar establishments,provided that mass gathering of persons shall not be allowed * establishments that operate beyond 8 p.m.(such as business/knowledge process outsourcing companies, media outfits,commissaries, food processing business, arrastre services, shipping and cargo,and other similar establishments) provided they shall provide for the accommodationof their personnel So who are these handful of people allowed togo out of their houses on weekends? Also during this period, “all establishmentsand business operations of whatever nature (including sari-sari stores, talipapa,and small-scale convenience stores) shall be closed” except for the following: * media practitioners, provided that eachmedia outfit shall first secure a permit from the COVID-19 Focal Person “We have to keep Iloilo City sealed from thevirus,” said Treñas. Barangay officials should make sure that thosegoing out have quarantine passes, he added. “On Saturdays and Sundays we will no longer allow anyone to go out of their houses except to buy medicines,” says Mayor Jerry Treñas of Iloilo City. “We have to keep the city sealed from the virus,” he adds. His goal is to open businesses starting May 1, even if only gradually. IAN PAUL CORDERO/PN ILOILO City – During the remaining Saturdaysand Sundays of this month, only a handful of people should be seen leavingtheir houses – those exempted from Mayor Jerry Treñas’ new executive orderfurther restricting the movement of people to curb the spread of SARS-CoV-2,the virus causing the still vaccine-less coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). last_img read more

Pitch, Hit, & Run Winners And Sectionals Info

first_imgThe results of The Pitch, Hit, & Run Opening Round Winners at Versailles.PHR WinnersThe winners will be participating at The Pitch, Hit, & Run Sectionals on Sunday (5-18) at The Ohio Rod Fields in Versailles starting at 1 PM.Contact Sectional Coordinator Brian Samples at (812)-756-1610 or [email protected] for details.last_img

Julie “Nell” Anne Kappes

first_imgJulie “Nell” Anne Kappes, age 50, passed away Wednesday February 21 at St Vincent Hospital in Indianapolis.  She was born the daughter of Richard and Judy (Peace) Kappes on November 19, 1967.  She grew up outside of Osgood along with her brothers and sisters.  She attended the Ripley-Ohio-Dearborn School network in Sunman, until the age of 18.  Her school days were cherished memories of learning and friendships.Julie was a lady that didn’t speak often, however, her silence spoke volumes when she shared her ideals of love and family.   Early on she developed a passion for music, with early on favorites being the theme to Sesame Street or a Christmas favorite, “10,000 Santa Clauses”.  It was said she could place the needle of the record player directly on the 78 records, and the songs would play over and over.  That passion would grow as she enjoyed listening to Mozart and Johnny Horton.  If you visited her at home or lived with her you understood her obsession was for everything to have its place without exception.She will always be remembered as Daddy’s little girl, and his passing left a void in her heart.  Family to her was truly her most vital asset and she deeply loved and felt comfort in being with them.  The family get togethers included meals providing for her favorite pasta or sausage, and always a good cup of coffee.Julie will be dearly missed by her mother Judy, brothers Robert and Richard, sister Lisa (Randy) Sizemore, along with nephews Eric and Dakota, nieces Miranda and Patience, and great nephew Layton.  She was preceded in death by her father, Richard.Visitation will be held on Saturday, February 24, 2018 from 12:00-2:00 pm., at Neal’s Funeral Home in Osgood, with Funeral services being held at 2:00 pm, also at Neal’s Funeral Home.  Memorials may be made to Saint John the Baptist Catholic Cemetery in care of the funeral home.last_img read more

Nasarawa SWAN gets new officials

first_imgRelatedPosts Nasarawa vows to fish out killers of veteran journalist Nasarawa paid July salary despite garnishee order on its account — Sule Nasarawa SWAN expresses worry over government’s non-release of funds for state contingent to National Sports Festival Doggo Shamma, the outgoing Chairman of Nasarawa State Council of the Nigeria Union of Journalists, has inaugurated the new officials of the Sports Writers Association of Nigeria in the state.The Chairman, who is a Commissioner-nominee in the state, said the inauguration followed the removal from office of Cheke Emmanuel and John Hassan, the erstwhile Chairman and Secretary of the association.Shamma explained that the erstwhile leaders of SWAN in the state were removed as a result of their participation in the Port-Harcourt convention of the association contrary to the directive of the national headquarters of NUJ.He added: “The National headquarters of NUJ directed that no member of the association should participate in both the Abuja and Port-Harcourt conventions because of the controversy in SWAN.“The erstwhile leaders violated the directive and attended the convention hence their removal from office and indefinite suspension from NUJ.”The Chairman, therefore, urged the new officials to carry other members along as against what the former officials did while in office.Responding, Malam Isa Mohammed, the Chairman of SWAN, expressed gratitude for the confidence reposed in them and promised to be transparent and accountable to the members.The News Agency of Nigeria reports that Isa Mohammed of NTA, the former Chapter Vice Charman, is the new Chairman, with Kayode Babalola of NAN as Vice Chairman.Others are Suleiman Abubakar and Smart George as Secretary and Assistant Secretary respectively, while Umar Mohammed of Punch is Financial Secretary and Danjuma Ibrahim of FRCN is Treasurer.  Tags: Cheke EmmanuelDoggo ShammaNasarawa State Councillast_img read more