News February 10, 2021 Find out more RSF condemns NYT reporter’s unprecedented expulsion from Ethiopia Help by sharing this information News May 21, 2021 Find out more Alemayehu Mahtemework, the deputy editor of the entertainment monthly Enku, and the three other people who were arrested at the same time as him were released on bail today despite the existence of a court order authorising their detention for 14 days pending trial. They had been held in an Addis Ababa police station since 2 May. Ethiopian law allows the police to release detainees on bail if they believe there is no need to continue holding them.———-06.05.2008 – Deputy Editor of Enku put in preventive detentionAlemayehu Mahtemework, deputy editor of the privately-owned entertainment monthly, Enku, and three others arrested at the same time as him, have been placed in preventive detention for two weeks, while an investigation is carried out. No charges have been laid against them. Reporters Without Borders has protested against this unjustified imprisonment and calls for the journalist’s immediate release as well as those arrested with him. Ethiopian police arrested the four men overnight on 2-3 May while travelling in a vehicle carrying copies of the magazine to be distributed.———05.05.2008 – Entertainment magazine publisher arrested in Addis AbabaReporters Without Borders condemns the arrest of Alemayehu Mahtemework, the publisher and deputy editor of the entertainment monthly Enku, on the night of 2 May in Addis Ababa, and the seizure of 10,000 copies of its latest issue. The press freedom organisation also condemns the arrest of three people with no connection to the magazine who happened to be in the vehicle carrying the copies that were about to be distributed.“The Ethiopian authorities have sent a very negative signal by choosing the eve of 3 May, World Press Freedom Day, to arrest a journalist and seize an issue of an independent magazine,” Reporters Without Borders said.“Although aware of the climate of self-censorship prevailing in Addis Ababa, we chose to send the government a positive signal by withdrawing Prime Minister Meles Zenawi from our list of press freedom predators, in order to salute the efforts it has made in the past year,” the organisation added. “But if this case is not resolved quickly and this kind of incident recurs, we will have to review our decision.”The cover story of the issue that was seized by the police was about the controversial arrest of Tewodros Kasahun, a very popular singer who supports the opposition. Follow the news on Ethiopia News RSF_en Journalist attacked, threatened in her Addis Ababa home Receive email alerts Ethiopia arbitrarily suspends New York Times reporter’s accreditation May 7, 2008 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Entertainment monthly’s deputy editor freed on bail to go further EthiopiaAfrica May 18, 2021 Find out more Organisation EthiopiaAfrica News
Demand Propels Home Prices Upward 2 days ago Sign up for DS News Daily Pinpointing the Hottest Housing Markets Home / Daily Dose / Pinpointing the Hottest Housing Markets April 11, 2018 3,075 Views The Best Markets For Residential Property Investors 2 days ago Foreclosures Home Sales Hot Markets Inventory ProTeck ProTeck Valuation Services 2018-04-11 David Wharton Governmental Measures Target Expanded Access to Affordable Housing 2 days ago Tagged with: Foreclosures Home Sales Hot Markets Inventory ProTeck ProTeck Valuation Services The latest ProTeck Housing Market Report shows West Coast markets booming, which should come as no surprise. However, the only East Coast metro to make the list might not be what you’d expect.According to ProTeck’s report, the Portland-South Portland, Maine, metro landed on the list of top 10 hottest housing markets for April 2018 thanks to strong performance in several of the tracked categories. Portland’s Months of Remaining Inventory (MRI) for April was 2.62, and anything below 3 indicates a seller’s market for the region. Portland’s foreclosures as a percentage of sales are low at 1.63 percent. The Portland metro also featured the lowest average sold price—$265,000—of all the core-based statistical areas (CBSAs) featured in ProTech’s top 10.California metros feature heavily in the ProTeck top 10. San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco sports 2.02 MRI, a 0.76 perfect foreclosures as a percentage of sales, and an average sold price of $1.5 million. San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clarita, California, also graces the top 10 list, with a 1.86 MRI, a 0.94 foreclosure percentage of sales, and a $1.28 million average sold price. In fact, half of the top 10 is made up of California markets: in addition to San Francisco and San Jose, the top 10 includes San Diego-Carlsbad, Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley, and Stockton-Lodi.Nevada is also well represented with two entries on the list. Reno, Nevada, boasts an MRI of 3.28, suggesting a larger inventory skewed more toward a buyer’s market. Reno’s foreclosures as a percentage of sales is very low at 0.46 percent, and the average sold price is $360,000. The other Nevada market cracking ProTeck’s top 10 for April 2018 is Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, with an MRI of 3.09, a 2.60 foreclosure percentage of sales, and an average sold price of $275,000.Rounding out the top 10 hottest markets according to ProTech are Colorado Springs, Colorado, and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, Washington.You can see all the ProTeck data for these markets by clicking here. About Author: David Wharton David Wharton, Managing Editor at the Five Star Institute, is a graduate of the University of Texas at Arlington, where he received his B.A. in English and minored in Journalism. Wharton has over 16 years’ experience in journalism and previously worked at Thomson Reuters, a multinational mass media and information firm, as Associate Content Editor, focusing on producing media content related to tax and accounting principles and government rules and regulations for accounting professionals. Wharton has an extensive and diversified portfolio of freelance material, with published contributions in both online and print media publications. Wharton and his family currently reside in Arlington, Texas. He can be reached at [email protected] Related Articles Servicers Navigate the Post-Pandemic World 2 days ago Share Save Demand Propels Home Prices Upward 2 days ago Servicers Navigate the Post-Pandemic World 2 days ago Governmental Measures Target Expanded Access to Affordable Housing 2 days ago The Week Ahead: Nearing the Forbearance Exit 2 days ago The Best Markets For Residential Property Investors 2 days ago in Daily Dose, Featured, Journal, Market Studies, News Data Provider Black Knight to Acquire Top of Mind 2 days ago Print This Post Previous: Mulvaney: ‘The Bureau Is Not Designed to be Accountable’ Next: Fintech and the Mortgage Servicing Lifecycle Data Provider Black Knight to Acquire Top of Mind 2 days ago Subscribe
The Warriors needed Steph Curry to score big in Wednesday’s Game 3, and he did.But without Kevin Durant, Klay Thompson and Kevon Looney, Curry’s huge scoring night didn’t equal Warriors success as most of Golden State’s squad struggled as they lost to the Raptors, 123-109.Shooters shoot pic.twitter.com/mIuU8tsNr6— Bay Area Sports HQ (@BayAreaSportsHQ) June 6, 2019 Curry set a new career record for points in a playoff game at 47, including six made 3-pointers, but Toronto’s …
The stories told about some fossils raise more questions than answers, even with top Darwin spin doctors in the operating room.Aquatic sloths: Live Science has some comments about the “aquatic sloths” that were found with those Chile whale fossils (2/26/14). The interpretation that they lived in water relies on measurements of high density of their bones. But since land-dwelling sloths and some other mammals also had dense bones, the idea seems a stretch. The article weaves a tale about how they swam to the bottom of the water to eat vegetation, since the coast was becoming arid, then went extinct when the Isthmus of Panama closed “4 million years ago.” Whatever happened, there used to be more species of sloth, and bigger ones, than the two kinds that live in trees today – and they didn’t evolve blowholes, flippers or sonar.Tar pit tales: Paleontologists are rushing to document bones in asphalt tar in west Los Angeles before a subway tunnel is completed, PhysOrg reported. 70 feet below the surface, workers have found ice-age mammals, birds, and insects in the same formation as the nearby La Brea Tar Pits. “In one spectacular instance,” the article says, “a worker scraped his bulldozer across what turned out to be a nearly intact skeleton of a Columbian mammoth with 10-foot-long tusks, which researchers named Zed.” The terrestrial fossils are supposed to be two million years old, but this paragraph jumps out of the article:Paleontologists have recovered mollusks, asphalt-saturated sand dollars, pieces of driftwood and Monterey cypress cones. For [Kim] Scott, the most exciting finds have been a rock embedded with what appears to be part of a sea lion’s mouth (perhaps 2 million years old) and a non-fossilized 10-foot limb from a digger pine tree that would look right at home today in Central California woodlands.The dating seems convoluted. The article says that the deposit is supposed to be from 50,000 to 330,000 years old, so how did a 2-million year old seal get mixed in? And an unfossilized digger pine? Those don’t usually grow near sand dollars. Why are marine and land creatures in the same mix? The explanation given is that this was a coastline community. “Even though we’re finding fossils older than what’s found at La Brea, none of the identified fossils found to date are extinct,” Scott said. “We can still find all the plants and animals in California.” That doesn’t help much; the “younger” La Brea fossils include mammoths, mastodons, American lions, saber-tooth cats, dire wolves, huge bison and camels that are extinct.Fossilized fern cell division: A fossil fern said to be 180 million years old shows “preserved cell walls and the nucleus containing genetic material” so clearly that chromosomes undergoing cell division are discernible, says New Scientist. For such exquisite preservation, it must have been “almost instantly fossilised,” perhaps by becoming engulfed in a lava flow. Why, though, did it not burn up in the hot lava? The fossil was donated in the 1960s by a Swedish farmer, but was forgotten in a museum drawer till analyzed recently. Despite being so “old” in the evolutionary timeline, no evolution is visible: “The fern is very similar to a living species: the cinnamon fern, Osmundastrum cinnamomeum,” the article says. “The similarity of the cinnamon fern to the fossil supports the idea that is a ‘living fossil’ – an example of evolutionary stasis, when organisms appear not to evolve for millions of years.” The fossil was also reported by Live Science, where Tia Ghose presented a different theory: “The fossilized plant was likely preserved when minerals in the superheated, salty water oozing from a crack in the earth, called a hydrothermal brine seep, rapidly crystallized, freezing the plant in time while it was still alive.”The original paper in Science calls this “180 million years of genomic stasis in royal ferns,” indeed a “paramount example of evolutionary stasis.” Why, then, do they claim it “can provide exceptional insights into the evolution of life over geological time“? The paper shows stunning photographs of cells with chromosomes in various stages of cell division. Prior to this fossil find from Sweden, “evidence for evolutionary conservatism in fern genomes has been exclusively based on studies of extant plants.” Now, fossils confirm that no evolution is evident in 180 million Darwin years.Conventional wisdom fails turtle race: Two halves of a giant sea turtle fossil came together at last after being separated for 162 years, PhysOrg reported. One half of the fossil had been brought to the attention of famed paleontologist Louis Agassiz in 1849. When an amateur found the other half on a grassy knoll in a New Jersey stream bed in 2012, scientists were startled, not believing it could have survived so long at the surface – but the fit was good. “Now, the scientists are revising their conventional wisdom to say that, sometimes, exposed fossils can survive longer than previously thought.” Paleontologists estimate the turtle was 10 feet long, the largest known sea turtle. How did the turtle swim to New Jersey? “The scientists believe that the entire unbroken bone was originally embedded in sediment during the Cretaceous Period, 70 to 75 million years ago, when the turtle lived and died,” the article explains, but then “those sediments eroded and the bone fractured millions of years later during the Pleistocene or Holocene, before the bone pieces became embedded in sediments and protected from further deterioration for perhaps a few thousand more years until their discovery.”Snakes alive, venomous snake evolution in Africa? Fossils of a clade of venomous snakes have been found in Tanzania, Science Daily reports, providing the “Oldest fossil evidence of modern African venomous snakes” in that part of the continent. “Colubroid fossils are documented as early as 50 million years ago,” the article explains. “But they weren’t expected to constitute such a large part of the African snake fauna 25 million years ago, as they became dominant in Europe and North America much later.” Instead of the high ratio of venomous snakes “In the Oligocene epoch, from about 34 to 23 million years ago, we would have expected to see a fauna dominated by booid snakes, such as boas and pythons,” experts said. Clearly they didn’t see what they expected.Cambrian care: Ostracods babysat their young 450 million years ago, an article on Live Science reveals. Ostracods are small crustaceans that lay eggs; it is very rare to find fossilized animals of any kind with their eggs intact. This is the earliest known example of brooding in an animal.“This is a very rare and exciting find from the fossil record,” David Siveter, lead study author and a geologist at the University of Leicester, said in a statement. “Only a handful of examples are known where eggs are fossilized and associated with the parent. This discovery tells us that these ancient, tiny marine crustaceans took particular care of their brood in exactly the same way as their living relatives.The ostracod specimens are among the rare fossils that preserve body tissues, such as limbs, embryos and other soft parts. These tissues have been replaced by the mineral pyrite, or fool’s gold, but the mineralization means the researchers could closely examine the tiny fossils by X-ray and CT scanning.The report on Science Daily says that “like their modern relatives, the ostracods were probably capable of swimming near the sea bed and obtained their food by scavenging and hunting.” The “exceptionally well preserved” fossil ostracods were found in Ordovician strata in New York along with trilobites.Coal beast from Vietnam: A fossilized “coal beast” and a rhinoceros, said to be 37 million years old, were found in a Vietnam coal mine, according to Science Daily. “The newly described mammals show a surprisingly close relationship to prehistoric species known from fossil sites in Europe.” The coal beast is a “pig-like ungulate, closely related to hippos,” the article says. Their predators were found, too: “The mammals’ remains bear signs of crocodile attacks. Indeed, the excavation site at Na Duong contains the fossilized remains of crocodiles up to 6 meters in length.”Fishapod on the air: Neil Shubin, discoverer of Tiktaalik (the fossil that crawled onto land behind Neil Tyson in the first Cosmos episode, 3/10/14) is taking his fish to TV. In an interview for National Geographic, he said his fossil garnered so much attention partially because the Dover case on intelligent design was going on at the time (12/23/05, 12/30/05) and Steven Colbert also featured it, “it ended up part of popular culture, which is really wonderful.” Having achieved his “huge find in paleontology” (1/14/14) he plans to go back to Ellesmere Island, the site of his discovery, to push the envelope. “I’m going back there this summer to look for something even older, something from the ‘Cambrian Explosion,’ when you see all these different sorts of creatures appear in the fossil record,” he says. “A fish with a real skull, that’s what we hope to find. That would be terrific.”There are facts (the fossils as observed), and there are narratives into which they are forced. Learn to keep them apart. There is nothing about any of these “brute fact” fossils that serves the Darwin narrative; indeed, they militate against it. Early complexity (e.g., the ostracod), extraordinary stasis (the fern), and the strange mixtures of fossils (tar pits), are not what Darwin would have predicted. The millions-of-years dates become increasingly absurd when you think of organisms that Darwin claimed would be in a continuously fluid state of evolution turn out to be identical to their living counterparts for hundreds of millions of years. Add to that the exceptional preservation of many of these fossils after tens or hundreds of millions of years. How can you believe such things? If we had not been indoctrinated into the moyboy lingo for so long, such notions would appear incredible. Philosophically, time becomes the evolutionists’ closet, as big as a warehouse, in which to hide their skeletons.Shubin still doesn’t mention the tetrapod trackways that precede his fishapod. Let him find a Cambrian-explosion fish with a skull. Bring it on. That will hurt the Darwin narrative even more. There’s an inverse relationship going on, you see: as the Cambrian explodes, Darwinism implodes.(Visited 77 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
Your brain comes with amazing capabilities. It won’t look like a fried egg unless you abuse it.Fantastic JourneyAs the brain of a baby forms in the womb, how do the neurons grow outward to reach their designated targets? A press release from Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory in New York describes the “Fantastic journey: how newborn neurons find their proper place in the brain.” This “orchestrated” process requires multiple virtuoso players.This week in the Journal of Cell Biology, Professor Linda Van Aelst and colleagues at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL) describe for the first time (in mice) how baby neurons—precursors called neuroblasts, generated from a permanent pocket of stem cells in a brain area called the V-SVZ—make an incredible journey from their place of birth through a special tunnel called the RMS to their target destination in the olfactory bulb. They travel as far as 8 mm, “a huge distance, when you consider how tiny the mouse brain is,” Van Aelst says.The journey is made possible by two forces, one pulling from the front, the other pushing from behind. A single protein called DOCK7 helps to orchestrate these two steps. Ahead of the newborn neuron’s soma, or cell body, is a threadlike projection called a process. It stretches forward through the tunnel, guided by various signals. At the same time, the cell body, lagging behind, is powered forward by the activation of tiny molecular motors that push it from the rear. Multiple cells migrate together, one virtually on top of another, somewhat in the manner of a group of tiny worms inching forward by morphing the shape of their bodies.Unevolved CircuitryAn article on Science Daily professes evolution only because processes they describe in the brain are found in zebrafish and in mice. This means, however, that the complex circuitry involved in “neuronal basis of brain states” was already present in the common ancestor, if there was one. “This suggests that the human brain is likely similarly wired for this state critical to survival.” In other words, this complex networking of brain circuits has not undergone significant evolutionary change for hundreds of millions of Darwin Years. The unevolved circuits are involved in brain states like alertness and vigilance. Defects cause serious mental disorders like mania, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder.A paper in Science Magazine by Ann Gibbons seeks to shed light on “how the human brain takes shape” by evolution. The article speculates, “as the human cortex expanded in the course of evolution, it reorganized to allow more complex connections between regions.” Gibbons speaks of “what changed as brains rewired over the course of evolution.” The only cases we know of rewiring and reorganizing things come by intelligent design. These phrases personify evolution as a creative force. That’s opposite what Darwinian evolution teaches.Innate GPS App“Aaron Wilber, assistant professor of psychology and neuroscience at Florida State University, discovered new insights about how the brain helps us get around from place to place,” reports Medical Xpress. What he found is that “The brain performs a complex calculation that works a lot like the Global Positioning System.” No satellites required. Here’s how it works:The parietal cortex is the part of the brain that helps make that happen. It integrates information coming in from various senses and helps a person understand what action to take as a result. The response gets recorded as a memory with help from other parts of the brain, creating a “map” of the location that a person can recall to help get around from place to place.Then in the future a person can link that same view, or even just a part of it, to the brain’s map and know what action to take.Materialists Puzzle Over ConsciousnessThree international scientists, writing in Science Magazine, review various meanings of ‘consciousness’ and ask whether robots will ever have it. As evolutionists, they apply the “It evolved” explanation, combined with a high perhapsimaybecouldness index, to account for any puzzle. For instance, “Thus, circuits in the prefrontal cortex may have evolved to monitor the performance of other brain processes.”The explanation makes no sense from a materialist perspective. Nothing made of atoms is capable of deciding “to monitor the performance of other brain processes.” Such language presupposes the ability to know what information is, and to collect it and measure performance according to some objective standard. What else can the authors do? They are limited by their assumptions to consider only naturalistic explanations.“What we call ‘consciousness’ results from specific types of information-processing computations, physically realized by the hardware of the brain,” they say in the Conclusion section of the paper. They specifically reject dualism, the view that mind and body are both independently required to explain human behavior. “Although centuries of philosophical dualism have led us to consider consciousness as unreducible to physical interactions, the empirical evidence is compatible with the possibility that consciousness arises from nothing more than specific computations.” But this speculative view undercuts their own reasoning, because no objective standard for truth and logic can emerge from mindless matter in motion.Most of the essay consists of futureware, speculating about what robots will be able to do some day.CBS NewsScience Cannot Explain What You Are About to HearIn a recent episode on 60 Minutes, host Scott Pelley was almost brought to tears as he heard 12-year-old Alma Deutscher compose a classical piece in the style of Mozart from four random notes he had just selected from a hat. This pre-teen young lady, full of zest and vitality, is already a virtuoso violinist and pianist, but her greatest gift may be her creativity. She has composed a violin concerto and a piano concerto of stunning beauty (and difficulty) that have been performed by symphony orchestras, and at age 10 composed her first opera, having written all the instrumental parts for these works. Alma says that she always has melodies pouring out of her head. “We cannot explain what you are about to hear,” Pelley began. “Science doesn’t know enough about the brain to make sense of Alma.”Alma imagines her improvisations before playing them on the piano. Do brain waves differ when you listen to music and when you imagine it in your head? Phys.org says, “That music playing in your head is a real conundrum for scientists.” Experiments in France on brains of epileptics (difficult to do) seem to show the same brain wave patterns in both cases.This is the first time a study has demonstrated that when we imagine music in our heads, the auditory cortex and other parts of the brain process auditory information, such as high and low frequencies, in the same way as they do when stimulated by real sound.The sounds Alma hears before playing, though, do not exist except in her imagination. Are they real?Nothing in brain biology makes sense except in the light of intelligent design. There, it not only makes sense, but arouses awe and inspiration. What is the survival value of creating complex works of music that are beautiful? Compare Alma’s lovely work with the sound made by goats (and some humans).Listen to more from Alma Deutscher on her YouTube channel (try the soft movement from her piano concerto), and read some of the comments. The capabilities God has put into the human brain are beyond comprehension. It makes you wonder what heaven will be like. (Visited 694 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
A 32-year-old doctor has been ordered by the Supreme Court to plant 100 trees in the next one year as punishment for attempting to commit murder at the age of 16.Solemen S.K., a doctor practising at Murshidabad in West Bengal, was sentenced to three years’ imprisonment for the crime. The Calcutta High Court confirmed the sentence.But things took an unexpected turn when Solemen approached the Supreme court saying he was a minor at the time of the incident in August 2004.Intrigued by the doctor’s plea, the Bench of Justices L. Nageswara Rao and Hemant Gupta asked the District and Sessions Judge, Berhampore, Murshidabad, West Bengal on February 25 to check out Solemen’s story.The District Judge confirmed that the doctor was indeed a minor of 16 years seven months and 28 days on the date of the offence. Solemen, the judge’s report said, was born on February 30, 1987. His school records fortify the evidence of his age.The court said the doctor, under the law, would ideally be considered as a “child in conflict of law”, only he is too old to be called that at this age.Again, there is no good in sending the 32-year-old doctor now before a Juvenile Board, as is usual in the case of juvenile offenders.“Instead, we are of the opinion that the ends of justice would be met by directing the petitioner who is now a registered medical practitioner aged 32 years, practising in Murshidabad to perform community service,” the Supreme court suggested.Punishment upheldThe Supreme Court’s suggestion was seconded by the State of Uttar Pradesh, which found the planting of trees as an apt punishment for the doctor.“The learned counsel for the State suggested that this obligation of performing community service could be met with by a direction to the petitioner to plant trees. We accept the suggestion made by the learned counsel for the petitioner and direct the petitioner to plant 100 trees within a period of one year,” the Supreme Court concluded in its five-page order recently.
PSG ready to beat Man Utd to Tottenham defender Toby Alderweireldby Paul Vegas10 months agoSend to a friendShare the lovePSG are eyeing Tottenham defender Toby Alderweireld.Despite Spurs recently taking up a 12-month option in the player’s contract, PSG remain keen on Alderweireld.The Belgium international’s deal carries a €28m buyout clause – which suits PSG.Alderweireld is also being linked with Manchester United this season.However, United’s transfer plans are in flux after the appointment of Ole Gunnar Solskjaer to replace Jose Mourinho.The Telegraph says PSG could seek to immediately trigger Alderweireld’s clause this month. TagsTransfersAbout the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say
TagsTransfersAbout the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say Man Utd boss Solskajer expects to buy again in Januaryby Paul Vegas8 days agoSend to a friendShare the loveManchester United boss Ole Gunnar Solskajer expects to buy again in January.United currently sit 12th in the Premier League table, just two points above the relegation zone and 15 adrift of league leaders Liverpool ahead of Sunday’s clash with their fierce rivals at Old Trafford.The club’s hierarchy and recruitment under executive vice-chairman Ed Woodward has come in for severe criticism since the departure of Sir Alex Ferguson, but Solskjaer has described that as “an insult” as he looks to the future.”I’ve got a three-year contract now so of course (we are) planning long-term,” Solskjaer told Sky Sports. “If you lose a game you don’t wait for a call to be given assurances but we have started out a plan and a recruitment plan is in place.”I am 100 per cent sure from my time here that the structure is right because it’s always the manager that has the final say.”I know people have said stuff about our recruitment but it’s almost like an insult to the recruitment office, the scouts and us as professionals – me and Mick (Phelan), the staff. We make decisions on the players we want to have and who’s available and then it’s the negotiations.”The money is there to strengthen in January, in the summer, and we are planning, we are looking, we are finding our targets, but just before the transfer window ended no, they weren’t there, the ready-made players.”The resources are there if the right players are available.”
With Tiger Woods restored to his familiar place among golf’s major winners, it’s tempting to allow the sports nostalgia to seep in. Tiger’s back! It’s just like the 1990s again! But as is the case in every sport, the game that Woods played 20 years ago is very different from today’s version and, if anything, makes his win at the Masters last month all the more impressive.Perhaps the biggest difference involves the sheer power of modern hitters. In 1995, Woods’s last season before turning pro, the average qualified PGA Tour golfer hit the ball 263.6 yards per drive; the leader, John Daly, checked in at 289.0 yards per drive. So far this season, the average is 292.9 yards per drive, and tour leader Cameron Champ checks in at 315.7. That’s right — the average drive distance from 2019 would have led the PGA Tour each season through 1996. Woods’s mark in 19971The first year Tiger played enough as a pro to qualify for the PGA Tour’s leaderboards. of 294.8 ranked second only to Daly’s 302.0. A 294.8-yard average today would rank just 86th of the 214 golfers on tour — tied with the slumping former World No. 1 Jordan Spieth. And just like the existing players increased their power through technology, existing major hosts have added length to offset it. Sixteen courses hosted a major in both the 1990s and 2010s; those courses averaged 7,011.6 yards back then and 7,307.9 yards now — an increase of 296.3 yards on average. Even the Black Course at Bethpage State Park in Long Island, which hosts this weekend’s PGA Championship, has increased its length by 222 yards since it hosted Woods’s U.S. Open victory back in 2002.We should note that both the boom in driving distances and the Tiger-proofing craze have largely leveled off since the mid-2000s. The average PGA Tour drive continues to creep up by a couple of yards every few years, but today’s long-drive leaders, such as Champ, Johnson and Rory McIlroy, are mostly hitting it the same distance as Bubba Watson and Robert Garrigus were a decade earlier. In that sense, the game Woods left when his 11-year major drought began in 2008 was actually similar to the one he climbed to the top of again last month.Just the same, when Tiger tees off Thursday at Bethpage in the PGA Championship, the modern sport’s power will be on full display. Woods might still smash it a solid 300 off the tee like he did in the late ’90s, but he won’t be vying for the tour lead in distance; instead, that part of his game makes him just another golfer in the middle of the pack. What once was a massive distance advantage that Woods used to rack up a -13 score relative to par on par-5s at the 1997 Masters is now nothing special. These days, just about everyone hits it like Tiger — if not better.So what happened? For one thing, pro golfers took Woods’s lead and became much stronger and more athletic. Although Daly was a freak of nature — he never worked out and bombed drives while chain-smoking and pounding Diet Cokes — today’s top players have a lot more in common with current World No. 1 Dustin Johnson, who stands a lean 6-foot-4, hits the ball 305 yards per drive and proudly posts shirtless Instagram photos. As we’ve written before, Woods’s current pursuit of majors has been made more difficult by an influx of younger athletes to the game that he himself helped inspire. And a big part of that younger generation’s success is linked to hitting the ball really far.But another, even bigger factor is a drastic improvement in equipment over the years. Before the 1990s, driver clubheads were significantly smaller, made of heavy material like persimmon (instead of metal) and attached to the ends of shorter, heavier metal shafts (as opposed to graphite). As more and more players began switching to modern clubs — the last major won with a persimmon driver was Bernhard Langer’s victory at the 1993 Masters — the tour began to see a massive increase in driving distance (and, interestingly enough, a decrease in driving accuracy). More than just the introduction of fitter players, established golfers were also hitting the ball harder: The 60 players who qualified for the PGA Tour driving leaderboard in both 1995 and 2005 saw an average increase of 18.6 yards per drive over that span.Simply put, lighter clubs with a longer shaft and larger clubhead surface area generate more power. As a fun exercise last year, YouTuber and PGA club pro Rick Shiels hit 10 drives with both a top-of-the-line club from about 20 years ago (the Ping TiSi Tec) and 2018 (the Ping G400 Max) and measured the results using tracking analytics. On average, Shiels estimated to have hit the ball 16 yards farther in the air (and 19 yards farther in total) with the modern driver, thanks in part to a ball velocity 4 mph faster off the clubhead:Of course, the ball itself has also made it easier to drive for huge distances. The introduction of Titleist’s Pro V1 model in 2000 — which features a “multilayer” design with a solid rubber core and thin polymer casing — instantly revolutionized the way balls were manufactured, optimizing power without sacrificing accuracy. When Shiels ran a similar test between 1998 and 2018 golf balls (using the same club for each), he drove the ball 11 yards farther through the air — and 12 yards farther in total — with the current Pro V1, thanks again to a nearly 3 mph boost in velocity off the face.These clear technological improvements have led to questions over whether such advantages should be dialed back at the pro level to make the game harder again. Although the golf ball debate rages on, many top-tier courses have been remade since the ’90s, “Tiger-proofing” themselves by adding more distance to their layouts. Par-72 major championship courses in the 1990s averaged 7,006.1 yards in total length; by the 2000s, that average became 7,319.3 yards, and this decade it’s 7,456.6 yards — a 6.4 percent increase that mirrors the change in average driving distance since the early 2000s.
Leicester City defender Harry Maguire can’t wait to get started against Manchester United in Friday’s season-openerThe 25-year-old had been strongly linked with a move to Old Trafford all summer following his impressive displays for England at the World Cup that saw the national side reach the last four of the competition for the first time since 1990.While Maguire was believed to have been keen on moving to United this summer, a move failed to materialise with Leicester boss Claude Puel even mocking the media about it afterwards.But the Maguire has put the setback behind him and is now looking forward to facing the Red Devils for the 2018/19 Premier League opener on Friday night.“Can’t wait for the season tomorrow,” he wrote on social media last night.Jose Mourinho is sold on Lampard succeeding ar Chelsea Tomás Pavel Ibarra Meda – September 14, 2019 Jose Mourinho wanted to give his two cents on Frank Lampard’s odds as the new Chelsea FC manager, he thinks he will succeed.There really…Maguire incidentally scored a late equaliser for Leicester the last time the two sides met in December 2017.Can’t wait for the season to start tomorrow. ⚽️?? #lcfc— Harry Maguire (@HarryMaguire93) August 9, 2018