A study conducted on 3,000 students at universities across the country has revealed that they had expectations of earning 10% more than the average graduate wage, estimated at £16,450.The most unrealistic expectations came from first-year students and linguists in particular. In some cases starting wages were overestimated by over 3,000. Finalists had more pessimist views on salaries and in many cases estimates fell below the average.John Jerrim, a PhD student at the University of Southampton carried out the study and presented his results to the Royal Economic Society’s annual conference.His findings have left him eager to encourage people to decide on a university and a course only after they have spent enough time investigating the job market.He said, “It is vital that students thoroughly research their future employment prospects when going to university, so they can make informed choices about the subject they study and institution they attend.”He voiced his fears that students were totally adrift of likely graduate wages commenting, “Some young adults enter university with unrealistic ambitions about future income levels. Simply having a degree does not guarantee a graduate job and a silver-plated salary.”Jonathan Black, the director of the Careers Service at the University of Oxford told Cherwell, “average starting salary for the graduation year of 2008 has risen by 6.5%, which in itself is a 6.5% rise on the year before.”Class of 2009 at Oxford can expect earnings of £25,500. However, only 33% of finalists are expected to join the graduate job market at the end of their students.Jonathan Black believes that the 90% employment rate for Oxford graduates is proof that “most graduates are content with the pay packages they are receiving upon leaving the university.”The number of Oxford students going into research has seen a rise in the last two years. Although many have seen this as a reaction to the current financial climate, Black was eager to highlight that we should not be too hasty in exaggerating the crisis as far as Oxford is concerned.He commented, “One of the first places where recruiters look is still Oxford. It is not all doom and gloom for people graduating at the moment.”Secondary education is the field where the largest proportion of students is going to for jobs. Social Sciences is the division which offers the prospect of the highest average starting salary, at 28,000.Students of humanities have the lowest average starting salary to look forward to, at 7,000. However, for all divisions at the University of Oxford the average starting salary has grown in the last few years.
PEBBLE BEACH — Former President George H.W. Bush was no stranger to the Monterey Peninsula, playing the Pebble Beach AT&T National Pro-Am in 1994 and 1995.Former President George Bush greets fans as he walks to the fifth hole at Spyglass Hill during the first round of the 1994 AT&T Pebble Beach National Pro Am. (Vern Fisher, Monterey Herald)Bush played alongside the legendary Arnold Palmer and is quoted in a 2014 GolfChannel article saying “Some of these big-shots are so contemptuous of lousy …
This post was written by Rachel Dorman, M.S. and Kacy Mixon, PhD, LMFT. Both are members of the MFLN Family Development (FD) team which aims to support the development of professionals working with military families. Find out more about the Military Families Learning Network FD concentration on our website, on Facebook, on Twitter, YouTube, and on LinkedIn. By Rachel Dorman, MS & Kacy Mixon, PhD, LMFTAmerican families are continuing to grow in diversity. A recent New York Times article describes American families as “multilayered and full of surprises” highlighting that researchers studying family structure and evolution in the U.S. are finding families to be ethnically, racially, religiously and stylistically more diverse than previous generations . Military families are no exception. Many of our recent blogs have featured non-traditional military family structures. We’ve discussed the growing number of single military parents in recent posts as well as the prevalence of dual military couples.[Flickr, The Family_GayDays_08 by Grow by Love, CC BY-ND 2.0] Retrieved on September 23, 2015In light of the recent repeal of “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell” which legalized openly homosexual men and women to serve in the military, we’ve also featured research on gay and lesbian family trends to provide professionals working with military families the latest research on dynamics within this family structure. As more same sex couples engage in military services, it is important for professionals to better understand the needs of gay and lesbian families. Today’s blog continues the conversation utilizing Biblarz and Savci’s (2010) review of research on children of same sex parents .The researchers found that lesbian couples tend to adopt girls more often than boys. As compared to heterosexual parents, lesbian parents tend to provide their children with less stereotypically gendered toys and are less concerned about their children conforming to stereotypical gender roles. Children and adolescents with lesbian parents show no differences in psychological well-being than that of children with heterosexual parents in areas such as:Social and behavioral adjustmentSocio-emotional developmentPeer acceptance and relationshipsAdolescent participation in risky behaviors (e.g. tobacco, alcohol, or marijuana use)The researchers also found that gay men can have greater difficulty becoming fathers due to barriers such as large expenses associated with adoption and surrogacy as well as obstacles with state laws.When gay men become co-fathers, or when gay male fathers co-parent with their partner, they tend to engage in higher levels of positive discipline techniques and lower levels of spanking as compared to lesbian co-mothers. The researchers note the lack of studies done on children with gay fathers or co-fathers and the great need for more to be done in the future. Further research will provide better insight into gay fatherhood.References Angier, N. (2013, November 25). The Changing American Family. The New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2013/11/26/health/families.html?ref=science&_r=0 Biblarz, T., & Savci, E. (2010). Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Families. Journal of Marriage and Family, 72(3), 480-497.
Mr. Vaz praised private-sector stakeholders who are taking “smart and steady action” to adapt and mitigate the effects of climate change.“Private-sector companies are finding their footing and taking big leaps, impacting positively on our carbon footprint… among them, providers of renewable energy such as the Jamaica Broilers Group, Solar Buzz Jamaica and GeNNex Elite,” he said.Mr. Vaz urged others to follow suit, and assured that the Government will continue to garner assistance for the private sector in advancing the climate change agenda, through facilities such as the Green Climate Fund’s Readiness and Preparatory Support Programme.He pointed out that in 2017, the Ministry’s Climate Change Division requested readiness support through that programme in order to mobilise private-sector engagement in developing low carbon and climate resilient projects in Jamaica and other CARICOM states.“This idea was to investigate barriers and develop solutions that will leverage private-sector support and then work together at the national and regional levels to develop an action plan for engagement,” Minister Vaz explained.The Green Climate Fund is a unique global platform to respond to climate change by investing in low-emission and climate-resilient development. It is the largest source of international climate finance and was established to limit or reduce greenhouse gas emissions in developing countries, and to help vulnerable societies adapt to the unavoidable impacts of climate change.The two-day consultation seeks to further investigate challenges for climate action and highlight best practices and possibilities for innovation, and increase knowledge of available financing options for climate action for MSMEs. Story Highlights More private-sector stakeholders are being encouraged to partner with the Government in executing projects designed to build Jamaica’s climate change resilience.This call comes from Minister without Portfolio in the Ministry of Economic Growth and Job Creation, Hon. Daryl Vaz, who said more innovators, investors and private-sector leaders are needed to further advance mitigation efforts.“Partnerships are integral to our success, and so we absolutely cannot [overstate] the important role the private sector can play, as our partners, in reducing our vulnerability to a changing climate and reducing their own carbon footprint,” he said.The Minister was speaking at a micro, small and medium-sized enterprise (MSME) consultation on supporting private-sector investment for advancing climate action in Jamaica, at the Terra Nova All-Suite Hotel in St. Andrew on Tuesday (February 12).Minister without Portfolio in the Ministry of Economic Growth and Job Creation, Hon. Daryl Vaz, addresses participants at a micro, small and medium-sized enterprise (MSME) consultation on supporting private-sector investment for advancing climate action in Jamaica, held at the Terra Nova All-Suite Hotel in St. Andrew on Tuesday (February 12). This call comes from Minister without Portfolio in the Ministry of Economic Growth and Job Creation, Hon. Daryl Vaz, who said more innovators, investors and private-sector leaders are needed to further advance mitigation efforts. More private-sector stakeholders are being encouraged to partner with the Government in executing projects designed to build Jamaica’s climate change resilience. “Partnerships are integral to our success, and so we absolutely cannot [overstate] the important role the private sector can play, as our partners, in reducing our vulnerability to a changing climate and reducing their own carbon footprint,” he said.
Register Now » Bill Gates didn’t become the world’s wealthiest person by chance. He co-founded Microsoft in 1975 with Paul Allen and helped build the company into the tech giant it is today, having developed powerhouse products like Windows and the Xbox.Today is Microsoft’s 40th anniversary. It’s quite a milestone. To commemorate the special day, Gates sent a note to Microsoft’s entire staff on Friday. It inevitably was leaked online. Related: How Microsoft Is Taking on Google on Its Home TurfIn the note, Gates looked to the company’s future under CEO Satya Nadella. “We are nearing the point where computers and robots will be able to see, move, and interact naturally, unlocking many new applications and empowering people even more,” he wrote.For Microsoft employees, the letter surely is inspirational. Here’s the copy from the letter via Venture Beat:Tomorrow is a special day: Microsoft’s 40th anniversary.Early on, Paul Allen and I set the goal of a computer on every desk and in every home. It was a bold idea and a lot of people thought we were out of our minds to imagine it was possible. It is amazing to think about how far computing has come since then, and we can all be proud of the role Microsoft played in that revolution.Today though, I am thinking much more about Microsoft’s future than its past. I believe computing will evolve faster in the next 10 years than it ever has before. We already live in a multi-platform world, and computing will become even more pervasive. We are nearing the point where computers and robots will be able to see, move, and interact naturally, unlocking many new applications and empowering people even more.Under Satya’s leadership, Microsoft is better positioned than ever to lead these advances. We have the resources and drive to solve tough problems. We are engaged in every facet of modern computing and have the deepest commitment to research in the industry. In my role as technical advisor to Satya, I get to join product reviews and am impressed by the vision and talent I see. The result is evident in products like Cortana, Skype Translator, and HoloLens — and those are just a few of the many innovations that are on the way.In the coming years, Microsoft has the opportunity to reach even more people and organizations around the world. Technology is still out of reach for many people, because it is complex or expensive, or they simply do not have access. So I hope you will think about what you can do to make the power of technology accessible to everyone, to connect people to each other, and make personal computing available everywhere even as the very notion of what a PC delivers makes its way into all devices.We have accomplished a lot together during our first 40 years and empowered countless businesses and people to realize their full potential. But what matters most now is what we do next. Thank you for helping make Microsoft a fantastic company now and for decades to come.Related: Microsoft Is Planning to Phase Out Internet Explorer Free Webinar | Sept. 9: The Entrepreneur’s Playbook for Going Global 3 min read April 4, 2015 Growing a business sometimes requires thinking outside the box.
On Tuesday, Stanford University researchers introduced two recent datasets collected by the Stanford NLP Group to further advance the field of machine reading. These two new datasets CoQA (Conversational Question Answering), and HotpotQA work towards incorporating more “reading” and “reasoning” in the task of question answering and move beyond questions that can be answered by simple pattern matching. CoQA aims to solve the problem by introducing a context-rich interface of a natural dialog about a paragraph of text. The second one, HotpotQA goes beyond the scope of one paragraph and presents the challenge of reasoning over multiple documents to arrive at the answer. Lately, solving the task of machine reading or question answering is becoming an important section towards a powerful and knowledgeable AI system. Recently, large-scale question answering datasets like the Stanford Question Answering Dataset (SQuAD) and TriviaQA have progressed a lot in this direction. These datasets have enabled good results in allowing researchers to train deep learning models What is CoQA? Most of the question answering systems are limited to answering questions independently. But usually while having a conversation there happens to be a few interconnected questions. Also, it is more common to seek information by engaging in conversations involving a series of interconnected questions and answers. CoQA is a Conversational Question Answering dataset developed by the researchers at Stanford University to address this limitation and working in the direction of conversational AI systems. Features of CoQA dataset The researchers didn’t restrict the answers to be a contiguous span in the passage. As a lot of questions can’t be answered by a single span in the passage, which will limit the naturalness of the conversations. For example, for a question like How many times a word has been repeated?, the answer can be simply three despite text in the passage not spelling this out directly. Most of the QA datasets mainly focus on a single domain, which makes it difficult to test the generalization ability of existing models. The CoQA dataset is collected from seven different domains including, children’s stories, literature, middle and high school English exams, news, Wikipedia, Reddit, and science. The CoQA challenge launched in August 2018, has received a great deal of attention and has become one of the most competitive benchmarks. Post the release of Google’s BERT models, last November, a lot of progress has been made, which has lifted the performance of all the current systems. Microsoft Research Asia’ state-of-the-art ensemble system “BERT+MMFT+ADA” achieved 87.5% in-domain F1 accuracy and 85.3% out-of-domain F1 accuracy. These numbers are now approaching human performance. HotpotQA: Machine Reading over Multiple Documents We often find ourselves in need of reading multiple documents to find out about the facts about the world. For instance, one might wonder, in which state was Yahoo! founded? Or, does Stanford have more computer science researchers or Carnegie Mellon University? Or simply, How long do I need to run to burn the calories of a Big Mac? The web does contain the answers to many of these questions, but the content is not always in a readily available form, or even available at one place. To successfully answer these questions, there is a need for a QA system that finds the relevant supporting facts and to compare them in a meaningful way to yield the final answer. HotpotQA is a large-scale question answering (QA) dataset that contains about 113,000 question-answer pairs. These questions require QA systems to sift through large quantities of text documents for generating an answer. While collecting the data for HotpotQA, the researchers have annotators to specify the supporting sentences they used for arriving at the final answer. To conclude, CoQA considers those questions that would arise in a natural dialog given a shared context, with challenging questions that require reasoning beyond one dialog turn. While, HotpotQA focuses on multi-document reasoning, and challenges the research community for developing new methods to acquire supporting information. To know more about this news, check out the post by Stanford. Read Next Stanford experiment results on how deactivating Facebook affects social welfare measures Thank Stanford researchers for Puffer, a free and open source live TV streaming service that uses AI to improve video-streaming algorithms Stanford researchers introduce DeepSolar, a deep learning framework that mapped every solar panel in the US
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