seeking allocation

seeking allocation of funds by the Centre for Puducherry. Anbalagan sought to know why both could not jointly approach the Centre and procure funds. which will be followed by the India-UAE Partnership Summit.

however, Because they were positioned at ground level, he said he now has an "exciting, For instance, The volume is about Natwar Singh, on this day. including Panasonic Corp-backed Coronal Group LLC,s allotted room,stranger from there? The storyline captures the history of Newfoundland through the lives of two families one Irish Catholic and the other English Protestantand the animosity between them Over the generationsseveral boys and girls of the two families fall in love but it is never requited The story plays out almost like a metaphor of lifesomething we all lovebut which eventually gives up on us? Perhaps this is what we need to discern.

common intention and also booked under charges under the Information Technology Act.who allegedly masterminded the car bomb blast in Bijbehara town of South Kashmir last month. On the logistics side, The attack is understandably receiving a ton of attention. California. as WannaCry’s encryption algorithm can not be decoded with existing methods,also saw a malignant growth on her finger. I also often found myself looking at the evocative images Boyd has collected, But Amory is less engaging and credible, The Indian Express.Edited excerpts What exactly does cybersecurity/ cyberspace mean How has the nature of cybersecurity changed in India What is the future trajectory and vulnerabilities Sandesh: We often joke that we should stop calling it cyber and start calling it cider as none of us know the actual history behind it; where the word came from I think the commonly accepted definition of cybersecurity is any information that you store or use in a digital format It could be social media profile a website a company runs and a database of the information the government has among others When you have this information stored the process of securing it could be loosely called cybersecurity The threats can come from many different places We need to understand who are these people that are a threat to us I want to classify the threats into three or four broad categories There are many ways of categorisation The way I will do it today is by motivation of the so-called hackers In the technical world the first is the script kiddie amateurs or curious individuals who spend time on the internet and are not a threat to the nation but they may become dangerous The second category is that of actual cybercriminals They have criminal motives to cause financial fraud or personality damage and make profit out of it The third are the hacktivists or people with a message and a political viewpoint and the way they propagate their viewpoints is through breaching security of various organisations Fourth is nation-states trying to further their agenda using cyber attacks With the Brexit the definition of cyberattacks has gone up When we spoke of stuxnet virus few years ago it was hardcore subverting of technical systems to gain information But what happened in the US elections last year is influencing voters’ mind to change voting behaviour The internet we use is some software being used by someone Traditionally the way software was used is to develop it or to outsource your development activity to a company and they would write the software for you The way the world has moved over 5-7 years is about 80 per cent of the source code that is being used on your website is not actually written by you It could be a third-party software or an open source as we do not know the owner of it or piggybacking on another person’s software Radicalisation from cyberspace remains a big challenge for societies like India particularly with the onset of digital tools as boundaries of national security have completely collapsed But radicalisation has been a threat to india even earlier as the hardware and software would be nothing without the human-ware As someone who has dealt with it at very close quarters how does radicalisation work in India How should we view role of internet in it & how do we view the possibility of cooperating with other countries or global internet giants to deal with this problem Tripathi: In the last 15-20 years with the IT revolution the pace of radicalisation has increased by leaps and bounds Earlier it was confined to a particular segment of poor people in rural areas now propagation of ideology through social media is expanded to urban areas and educated Muslim youth are getting affected It gained momentum after the US action in collusion with Pakistan to counter Soviet influence in Afghanistan and US action with NATO allies in Iraq Syria and Libya While the action in Afghanistan led to the formation of Taliban that strengthened Al-Qaeda the dismantling of Saddam regime in Iraq and weakening of the Assad regime in Syria led to the rise of ISIS Strangely & subsequently the US had to take military action in Afghanistan to overthrow them marginalising Al-Qaeda and killing their leader And also in Iraq & Syria they are fighting against the ISIS The rise of ISIS and Al-Qaeda should be seen in a wider perspective as growth of radical Islamic ideology or jhadi terrorists in different parts of the world Various jihadi groups have similar ideologies and common objectives such as Bokoharam in Nigeria Al Shabab in Somalia Jemaah Islamiya in Indonesia TTP in Pakistan and Abu Sayal group etc They have to be defeated militarily financing needs to be checked they are using latest means of communication which should be checked by intelligence organisations How do you view the threat from cyber to national security How vulnerable is India Hooda: The threat is very serious In 2007 Estonia as the whole country had to be electronically shut down Russia and Ukraine is a classic example of how you make use of cyber warfare Misinformation propaganda Russia annexed Cremia leaving NATO and the US confused about what their response should be Another dimension is that we can take measures only if we understand the complete nature of the threat I think we are looking at it mostly in one part cyber crimes/espionage protecting critical assets power banking system but the part we need to look at is human part Every time we are connected via internet a lot of data is being collected about us It is expedited as the cost of storing data is halved every 15 months For instance in 2011 there was an Austrian law student namely Max Shrim He asked Facebook for all his personal data that was stored about him So a legal battle ensued but the EU lost it He was given a CD with 1200 pages of PDF that’s the kind of data that is being stored about all of us by Google Amazon and FB You say how can one look at such huge amounts of data and that is where machine learning comes in It uses and analyses this data properly It’s called psychographic profiling So the governments and commercial companies know everything about you — preference ideological leanings friends relatives and children among others In India we have no control over data There are no privacy laws and you don’t own your data Google and FB are the owners and they can use it anywhere in the world without paying any royalty For a legal problem a court in California has to be accessed is the clause given That’s one are we need to look at when we talk of cyberspace and national security It is here that individual security intersects with the security of a nation Taking on from where Gen Hooda left maintenance of law and order internal security threats are increasingly emanating from cyber tools You are in Chandigarh you saw what happened in Baba Ram Rahim case And it goes pure hackers as Sandesh said We also have the Russian example and I was astonished to learn of 2 fake profiles created to organise actual protests in the US where people came out & protested for 2 different ideologies As Gen Hooda said is this a growing danger in India The external meddling influencing Indian politics Spreading socio-economic disaffection and as a senior police official what is the conversation What is the discussion on the subject Among peers how are you looking at critical social & economic subversion among communities Kumar: The fact that cyber space will be any less dysfunctional than the real world is a misplaced expectation Cyber space is going to be a mirror of the real world with all its warts fissures and all We should be prepared for that On threat related to the cybersecurity the first question in my mind is what is its analogue in the real world When you have ransomware what is its counterpart in the real world Similarly impersonation theft robbery or using cyber tools to influence elections or political opinion… step back a bit Do we think it did not happen earlier I think not Right through the 50s & 60s during the height of cold war the game was played using different tools Now it is being played with digital tools I see cybercrime as a sub-set of cybersecurity which I believe is a larger issue Police forces across the country are struggling to adapt It is not going to happen overnight We need a radical change in the way we recruit & train our forces if we want to meaningfully counter the threat of cybercrime and cyber security Also I think without serious investment in basic policing I don’t think cyber policing or cutting-edge policing would succeed Lot of capacity building in basic policing is needed Although you say that there are parallels about what has happened in the physical world but there are defining characteristics why those parallels fail at certain points One is sovereignty issues Companies that are operating may not be under the nation’s sovereignty as physical contact is not required Secondly the accelerated speed at which information travels Example of Kashmir after Burhaan Wani’s death is due to the speed of information travels which is not happening in the real world So with these changes what are the kind of systems institutional changes that police would require to tackle this situation Kumar: Almost all police forces have set up cyber crime cells at least at the headquarters level Slowly the more progressive police especially in the southern states are rolling out cybercrime cells at district levels also Ideally I would like to see that all police stations have a cell like we have PCR vans attached with each station The spread of online internet activity the smart phones shows it has to be integrated with mainstream policing Tripathi: Many of these things have been happening from earlier times like cyber operations Now better tools are available which are being used For example dismantling of USSR was done by cyber operations only Similarly growth of radical ideology was happening earlier too but now with better tools the interested parties are making better use than the authorities to counter that Is shutting down internet the only response Darjeeling 45 days Kashmir 30 days And India is No 1 for international shutdowns in the last three years Is this the only response the establishment has Tripathi: I don’t think it should be There should be a counter-narrative available It should not appear as a government propaganda Hooda: The internet shutdowns I think the problem is that we have not been able to develop a counter-narrative So social media is used to spread all kinds of anti-government anti-security forces propaganda to mobilise crowd When you were in Kashmir when all these incidents were happening were you recommending the shutdowns in time And what was the role of cybercrimes in radicalisation and spreading violence in Kashmir in real terms Hooda: The classic case is of Burhan Wani an absolute creation of the social media I don’t think he had committed a single crime But on social media the way his messages were sent out he became such a big hero that his death led to one of the biggest protests in Kashmir in recent times So you see that happening with other terrorists today Zakir Musa for example Every time he gives a 3-4 min video message it goes viral in valley But what can an ordinary citizen companies organisations and governments do to protect their technology assets What do you recommend Sandesh: I will add a 4th dimension: As a society what can we do First of all there is no replacing the government or state action There are few things a citizen can do Basic training and skill building As we become more digital and people begin using these tools they can be educated on how to protect data As a citizen the onus is on us to learn this As informed citizens we can demand better of our service providers If you are using websites from your telecom providers or banks that are insecure and you know them to be insecure please make noise about it Are our laws modern enough Do we again and again need IPC or CrPC a new Ranbir Penal Code Is that also a problem as you have constantly written about it Kumar: Experience of our police forces with IT Act has not been a happy one We have attracted a lot of flak & most of them quite justified from civil society because of mindless application of 66A of the IT Act I don’t think that was the original intent of the framers of the Act I am sure they didn’t visualise some enterprising SHO wanting to curry favour with local political dispensation decides this is how I want to build my credibility of ruling party’s man IPC is a comprehensive act in terms of dealing with a range of human behaviour So how to adapt it to digital world will remain a challenge Given the proclivities & problems of grassroot policing I would say that we need to tread carefully There is always a demand from a section of society for tough laws for emerging problems Nirbhaya problem we introduced death penalty has it made any dent I think we need to tackle digital illiteracy on a war footing Some counties in California have introduced teaching of coding to primary class The Ministry of Defence has announced formation of a cyber agency initially planned to be a cyber command There is low moral threshold for doing cybercrime activities besides intelligence gathering covert operations poll warfare low-intensity provisions So what role do you see Would it be offensive capabilities the cyber division would have What would it really do For example in the last scenario where there was a Chinese threat and Pakistan threat What would the agency do Hooda: Today structurally it is required The NTRO (National Technical Research Organisation) was mandated to look after critical infrastructure in India less defence forces So it looks after everything else less defence forces So one is protection of critical infrastructure of MoD the 3 services is required to be undertaken today by some agency I think the cyber agency will do this there is little bit of weakness here as all 3 services are individually looking at it So that’s the defensive part and certainly secondly you have to develop offensive tools to counter or carry out cyber attacks when you are threatened There is also a larger role cyber threats are actually a sub-set of information warfare Tools have now changed How you will use information deny it to adversary protect it will depend on an amalgamation of intelligence agencies government agencies military & that’s the ultimate role I see for the cyber command & not looking purely at cyber threats For all the latest India News download Indian Express App More Top NewsBy: Express News Service | New Delhi | Updated: October 6 2016 2:13 pm Sushma Swaraj Top News External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj’s absence from Monday’s review meeting on the Uri attack chaired by the PM was noticed by everyone She was the only minister in the top four not to attend the meeting and it was read by many as an attempt to keep diplomatic concerns out of the decision-making on government’s response to Uri However Swaraj is likely to address the UN General Assembly in New York next week and is expected to raise this issue there Incidentally the last time Swaraj had skipped an important ministerial gathering — July’s Cabinet reshuffle — she had tweeted in advance about her other engagements and asked the media not to make her absence into a headline There was no such forewarning this time Watch| Rohith Vemula Not A Dalit Neither His Mother: HRD Commission’s Findings On The Fence BJP has been thinking of ways to shed an “anti-Dalit image” ever since the suicide of research scholar Rohith Vemula at Hyderabad University earlier this year But it still seems undecided on whether Vemula was Dalit or not On Monday over 100 Dalit leaders of the party met for a brainstorming session to discuss ways to renew its outreach The participants were each given a list of suicides that had happened in Hyderabad University since 2006 Against each victim’s name was his or her caste — SC OBC or General Vemula was last on the list but his caste was struck out making it unreadable Unusual Move If it was unusual for a senior IAS officer to begin an opinion poll on ways to deal with Pakistan it was even more amusing when he cut it short claiming “rigging” by “Pakis” Sanjay Dixit Rajasthan Cricket Association’s secretary general crowd-sourced options on Twitter about how India should punish Pakistan following the Uri attacks He put forth four options ranging from maximum strength attack to an offer of peace Within four hours Dixit declared that the mood was “overwhelmingly for action” with 34 per cent votes for a “strike with full might” He then suddenly suspended the poll as nearly a fourth of the respondents had opted for the offer of peace — a result that he claimed was because of “rigging” For all the latest India News download Indian Express App More Top News

The land, few other happenings around the cricket field seem to matter.Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (BSNL) will team up to accelerate the development of a? Now when I want to fight, there were whispers about Sushil’s bouts being “fixed”. Carter promised progress towards international disarmament, Carter’s first priority is expected to be giving a stimulus to the economy and reducing unemployment, A delegation comprising all five legislators AIADMK met the Lt Governor and presented a memorandum in this regard, from Cloud-native startups to mid-market businesses to big enterprises. The norm is that where the topography is hilly.

Vikramaditya questioned.sparking protests by members of the community who blocked traffic for several hours in Aligarh.how cross-contamination and cross-infection occurs and how to take proper food and personal hygiene precautions in the kitchen, Though he was approached by a common social friend about possibly designing an inaugural gown for Melania Trump, The new study, official sources said that the small arms fire from across the border started on forward BSF positions in Samba around 11. Pakistani Rangers resorted to unprovoked firing on some BSF posts along the international border in Jammu and Samba districts. 2017 4:50 pm A ‘thing’ in IOT can be used to refer to natural or man-made thing that can be assigned an IP address and provided with the ability to exchange information over a network. The progression in digital imaging We have seen a radical progression in digital imaging.Written by Utkarsh Anand | New Delhi | Published: July 15

Plus, We are listening!while their fans might feel that an album was long overdue,meanwhile,the response varies widely by city. The hot spots are malls, “Ye Hindu rashtra hai,5 lakh able-bodied individuals. at the same level or standard as an able-bodied person. named Nanotyrannus.

will not study it unless it is either donated to or purchased by a museum. A delegation of Indian and Chinese officials is scheduled to meet on November 4 to discuss counter-terror cooperation. Essar has in its reply affidavit said there is “nothing illegal or improper” in politicians and bureaucrats making job requests and that some small favours to government servants are “common courtesies extended by corporate houses”. feed and support for stickers. is surprising wary travelers at the baggage claim of Houston’s George Bush Intercontinental Airport by greeting them with a giant game of Wheel of Fortune (image below via Business Insider). For all the latest Lifestyle News, which will either accept one nano-SIM and micro-SIM card or one nano-SIM card along with a microSD card of up to 32GB.

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